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Home » Catalogue » Archeophone CDs » Pioneers » Sophie Tucker: Origins of the Red Hot Mama, 1910-1922  
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Sophie Tucker: Origins of the Red Hot Mama, 1910-1922
[ARCH 5010]


Sophie Tucker: Origins of the Red Hot Mama, 1910-1922
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A CD & book that will rank as one of the most important documents in the history of recorded popular music, Origins of the Red Hot Mama, 1910-1922 is Sophie Tucker as you've never seen or heard her before. This unique package comes as a CD-sized hardback book with 72 full-color pages filled with new research into the early years of this icon of the double entendre and dozens of extraordinary illustrations--many of them from Sophie's personal scrapbooks, which she amassed over a 60-year period. Of special value are a foreword by acclaimed singer Michael Feinstein and a personal remembrance by a woman who knew Sophie Tucker better than most people: Broadway legend Carol Channing.

More than One Origin
Sophie Tucker knew that the key to succeeding in show business was to treat it as a business. Having a compelling story to keep her star in the press was the ticket--and if that meant playing fast and loose with the facts to make them more compelling, Sophie was ready to play. In their extensive notes, documentary producers Susan and Lloyd Ecker take us through the tangled web of Tucker's uncertain origins and humorously try to make sense of them. Where was she born? How did her father, Zachary Kalish, become Joseph Abuza? What did she say when she left her son to the care of her sister and headed off to the big time? Even where the exact details are difficult or impossible to know for certain, you will leave knowing much more about the kind of person this Queen of Vaudeville was.

Hard Knocks and Edison Wax
By the time 24-year-old Sophie Tucker entered the Edison studio, she had been in the business nearly four years, had moved from small-time burlesque to headlining at the Palace, had liberated herself from blackface stage makeup, and had endured the height of success and the abyss of failure--both arriving courtesy of the Ziegfeld Follies of 1909. Between 1910 and 1911, Sophie made ten wax cylinders for Edison: historic, now extremely rare performances that serve as a window onto the vaudeville stage of a century ago, when "coon shouters" such as Sophie Tucker belted out their songs without the aid of microphones or electricity. "That Lovin' Rag" was the first release, followed by "My Husband's in the City," a winking parody on Irving Berlin's "My Wife's Gone to the Country (Hurrah! Hurrah!)"--and a naughty hint of the kind of blue-tinged material Sophie would become famous for. Other eyebrow-raising slections followed: "That Loving Soul Kiss" and "Knock Wood" among them. But the standout number from the Edison sessions is an unparalleled classic: "Some of These Days" by African-American composer Shelton Brooks, about whose song Sophie told several different stories over the years. The Eckers weigh the evidence. You decide.

The 7-1/2 Year Glitch
From mid-1911 until 1918, Sophie Tucker rose to the top of her profession. She was a headlining vaudeville star whereever she appeared, and in all the cities she visited, Tucker performed charitable works that got her in the press and gradually made her a household name. But she stopped recording during this period, even though her visage graced the covers of hundreds of published sheet music pieces. When Sophie did return to the studio in late 1918, it was with her new act, The Five Kings of Syncopation, for the upstart Aeolian-Vocalion label. She recorded songs by composers with whom she would have long professional relationships, such as Creamer and Layton ("Won't You Be a Dear, Dear Daddy to a 'Itta Bitta Doll Like Me?"), Charles McCarron (the risqué war number, "I'm Glad My Daddy's in a Uniform"), and most of all, Jack Yellen ("Don't Put a Tax on the Beautiful Girls"). The hottest selections Tucker cut with her new band were "Please Don't Take My Harem Away" and "Everybody Shimmies Now," on which she perfects her talk-singing style with impeccable syncopated timing. Unfortunately, the records were deleted within months after their release, once Aeolian-Vocalion shifted from vertical-style recordings to the more popular lateral kind. Hence, these records have become impossibly rare and unheard by all but a few people--until now.

Sophie the Entrepreneur
Even fewer people have ever witnessed the result of Sophie Tucker's one shot at making records: her 1921 "personal" record of her composition "Learning," backed with Lew Brown and Albert Von Tilzer's "It's All Over Now." Having begun a publishing firm and attempting to publicize her newest song, Sophie started the Sophie Tucker Record Company--but it was really just a vanity pressing service, the New York Recording Laboratories, that had made the record and allowed her to paste her own label over it. With only a few copies of this record, Tucker would have tried to drum up interest in her new enterprise. Like her venture at the same time into real estate developing, her new scheme failed. She went back to the thing she knew best: vaudeville.

Sophie Conquers Britain
In March 1922, Sophie Tucker signed a contract with OKeh Records, made a half dozen recordings for them, and boarded a ship for England on an extended tour to see if she could win over the British isles. She needn't have worried. Her first single for OKeh, the outrageous "High Brown Blues," backed with the hilarious, bragful "She Knows It," was making a huge hit back home while she was charming her first English audiences--attendants at a benefit for a Jewish hospital--with the Yiddish humor of "Blue Bird, Where Are You?" For the next five months, singing hot numbers like "Jig Walk" and Luckey Roberts' "Complainin'," Sophie Tucker and her Two Syncopators (pianists Ted Shapiro and Jack Carroll) were the hottest ticket in the U.K. She returned to the U.S. an international superstar.

What's in a Name?
1923 was the year when, for the first time, Sophie Tucker was called "The Last of the Red Hot Mamas." Origins of the Red Hot Mama covers Tucker's entire rise to that point when she gained immortal fame--whether she was called "The Live Coon Shouter from the Sunny South," "The Mary Garden of Ragtime," "The Syncopated Cyclone," "Her Majesty Queen Sophie Tucker" or a score of other soubriquets. From her humble beginning washing dishes at Abuza's Restaurant to her hobnobbing with the Prince of Wales, it's all here in this gorgeous package, this love letter to an American classic. Not forgotten, but hardly understood, Sophie Tucker now takes her rightful place in early recording history.

CD Details

  • Catalogue number: ARCH 5010
  • UPC: 778632901674
  • Original release date: August 25, 2009
  • Running length: 70:50 / 24 tracks
  • Booklet: 72 page, full-color CD-sized hardback
  • Tracks recorded: 1910-1922
  • Contains racially derogatory language
  • Awards: 52nd GRAMMY Nominee, Best Historical Album; 52nd GRAMMY Nominee, Best Album Notes
  • Also available as a digital download from iTunes, Amazon, and Google Play

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Track Listing and Sound Samples

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1. That Lovin' Rag (1910) Listen Listen Listen Listen
2. My Husband's in the City (1910) Listen Listen Listen Listen
3. That Lovin' Two-Step Man (1910) Listen Listen Listen Listen
4. Reuben Rag (1910) Listen Listen Listen Listen
5. Phoebe Jane (1910) Listen Listen Listen Listen
6. That Lovin' Soul Kiss (1911) Listen Listen Listen Listen
7. Some of These Days (1911) Listen Listen Listen Listen
8. Missouri Joe (1911) Listen Listen Listen Listen
9. Good Morning, Judge (1911) Listen Listen Listen Listen
10. Knock Wood (1911) Listen Listen Listen Listen
11. Won't You Be a Dear, Dear Daddy To a 'Itta Bitta Doll Like Me? (1918) Listen Listen Listen Listen
12. I'm Glad My Daddy's in a Uniform (1918) Listen Listen Listen Listen
13. Please Don't Take My Harem Away (1919) Listen Listen Listen Listen
14. Everybody Shimmies Now (1919) Listen Listen Listen Listen
15. Don't Put a Tax on the Beautiful Girls (1919) Listen Listen Listen Listen
16. You Can't Remember What I Can't Forget (1919) Listen Listen Listen Listen
17. Learning (1920) Listen Listen Listen Listen
18. It's All Over Now (1920) Listen Listen Listen Listen
19. Jig Walk (1922) Listen Listen Listen Listen
20. High Brown Blues (1922) Listen Listen Listen Listen
21. Blue Bird, Where Are You? (1922) Listen Listen Listen Listen
22. She Knows It(1922) Listen Listen Listen Listen
23. Pick Me Up and Lay Me Down in Dear Old Dixieland (1922) Listen Listen Listen Listen
24. Complainin' (It's Human Nature to Complain) (1922) Listen Listen Listen Listen

All selections performed by Sophie Tucker. She is accompanied by her Five Kings of Syncopation on Tracks 11 through 18.

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